UPSC CDS Answer Key 2022 – English I CDS 1 2022 Answer Key

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Directions: In this section you have two short passages. After each passage, you will find some items based on the passage. First, read a passage and answer the items based on it. You are required to select your answers based on the contents of the passage and opinion of the author only.

Passage – I

All organisms such as plants, animals, microorganisms and human beings as well as the physical surroundings interact with each other and maintain a balance in nature. All the interacting organisms in an area together with the non-living constituents of the environment form an ecosystem. Thus, an ecosystem consists of biotic components comprising living organisms and abiotic components comprising physical factors like temperature, rainfall, wind, soil and minerals.
For example, if you visit a garden you will find different plants, such as grasses, trees; nd git flower-bearing plants like rose, jasmine, sunflower; and animals like frogs, insects and birds. All these living organisms interact with each other and their growth, reproduction and other activities are affected by the abiotic components of the ecosystem. So a garden is an ecosystem. Other types of ecosystems are forests, ponds and lakes. These are natural ecosystems while gardens and crop-fields are human-made ecosystems.

Q41. The general tone of the passage is
(a) critical.
(b) satirical.
(c) analytical.
(d) informational.

Q42. Which of the following is a non-living constituent of environment?
(a) Wind
(b) Bacteria
(c) Grasses
(d) Frog

Q43. Abiotic components of the ecosystem refer to
(a) living organisms.
(b) non-living organisms.
(c) natural surroundings.
(d) physical factors.

Q44. Which of the following is not a natura ecosystem?
(a) Crop-field
(b) Forest
(c) Pond
(d) Lake

Q45. The word ‘constituent’ in the passage implies
(a) constellation.
(b) consternation.
(c) component.
(d) constriction.


As we discussed food and sang every song we could remember and talked incessantly, we were slowly moving deeper into the Atlantic, and we got the feeling, really, that we belonged there, and that the ships that passed on the horizon were only hurrying strangers. We were actually living on the ocean. We discovered that the birds all seemed to league up at night-time, resting on the water by the hundreds. When we came poking along, we seemed so much a part of the sea that the birds wouldn’t move until we were about five yards away. Then they’d flutter off, leaving feathers floating in the water, and settle again a few yards away.
The dolphins and porpoises would come up at sunset and move in among us and the birds. They’d come up very lazily under the birds, which would go up on their heels and flap their wings a bit, and then settle right down again. Two whales joined us one evening and played ring-around-rosie so close to us that Chay could have reached out an oar and tapped one.
We had calculated that we had just enough rations to make England, but the easterly winds caused reappraisal. It would an have agonizing been an interesting experience, running right downlike that, but we felt we must not risk other people’s lives by making them search for us. We decided to accept rations from the next ship that stopped. Was it a mature decision?
This was also the time when the strain of the voyage really began to tell on us. I wrote in my log: ‘I have known fear many times in my life, and indeed I have often striven to develop a situation that provided fear in both boxing and parachuting. I have never known anything like this cannot be over tomorrow, or for many tomorrows. Somehow it is like being rubbed down with sandpaper. I honestly do not know how many storms there have been now, and each leaves us progressively weaker.’
“Tonight we lie and wait. Nothing could. save us if we get into difficulties. No ship. could get us off these seas even if it arrived in time. We are completely in God’s hands, at the mercy of the weather. All night the wind screams louder and louder, and the sound of the sea grows. We talk of many things the night train to Scotland, the many things we’ve done, and slowly we are overtaken by an enormous feeling of humility and a desire to return to try and live a better life. The weather reached a climax at 0300 and then declined rapidly. Thank goodness we could not see the sea.’

Q46. “We were actually living on the ocenn,” implies
(a) they were homeless.
(b) they were on a long voyage into the Atlantic.
(c) they were without any source of income..
(d) they were fishing deep into the Atlantic. for their living.

Q47. “… the birds all seemed to league up at night-time,” implies
(a) left alone at night-time.
(b) isolated at night-time.
(c) get together at night-time.
(d) stay in groups at night-time.

Q48. What did the author write in his log?
(a) They faced the worst kind of fear ever experienced.
(b) They were, excellent in boxing and parachuting.
(c) They faced the storms bravely.
(d) They starved for food.

Q49. They lost all hope of survival because
(a) it was freezing cold.
(b) there was no help coming to them.
(c) they were facing a severe sea-storm.
(d) they were frightened by the whales and dolphins.

Q50. “We are overtaken by an enormous feeling of humility,” implies that they plies that they
(a) have lost faith in themselves.
(b) were ready to accept help from the ships around them.
(c) needed equipment and food to survive.
(d) have accepted the strength and power of nature with modesty.


Directions: Each of the following sentences has a wound or phrase underlined. Read the sentences carefully and find which part of speech the underlined word belongs to Indicate your response on the Answer Sheet accordingly

Q51. The conclusions that they came to are highly questionable.
(a) Noun
(b) Adjective
(c) Adverb
(d) Gerund

Q52. This year marks the quincentenary of Columbus’s voyage to America.
(a) Noun
(b) Adjective
(c) Adverb
(d) Article

Q53. I still cherish the memories of those far-off days.
(a) Preposition
(b) Conjunction
(c) Adjective
(d) Adverb

Q54. I don’t think I’ll come on Saturday. I have a lot of work to do. Besides, I don’t really like parties.
(a) Adjective
(b) Adverb
(c) Preposition
(d) Conjunction

Q55. The bottomline is that we have to make a decision today.
(a) Noun
(b) Pronoun
(c) Adverb
(d) Adjective

Q56. Try to knock that vase over.
(a) Preposition
(b) Conjunction
(c) Adjective
(d) Adverb

Q57. I’d like an ice cream. Are you having one too?
(a) Noun
(b) Pronoun
(c) Adjective
(d) Adverb

Q58. My parents lent me the money. Otherwise, I could not have afforded the trip.
(a) Adjective
(b) Adverb
(c) Conjunction
(d) Participle

Q59. She wrote me an anguished letter from her prison cell.
(a) Noun
(b) Verb
(c) Adjective
(d) Adverb.

Q60. There is a visitor for you.
(a) Relation Pronoun
(b) Definite Article
(c) Indefinite Article
(d) Adverb

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